BATAK FORESTRY SUPLY BILLION DOLLAR PROFIT TO SHARE HOLDER BUT IS THERE ANY ROYALTY TO NATIVE TRADITIONAL LAND OWNER?NO.WHO REALLY CARES ABOUT HUMAN RIGHT IN INDONESIA?”Growing Demand for Pulpwood Fiber”

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Growing Demand for Pulpwood Fiber
The pulp industry’s nine-fold increase in output between 1988 and 1999 entailed a rise in annual
pulpwood consumption from 1.8 million m3 to 16.7 million m3 (see Table 4.1). Aggregate wood
consumption by Indonesia’s pulp industry during this period amounted to 100 million m3. 3 Prior
to the crisis, industry analysts projected that Indonesia’s pulp production capacity would climb
further to 6.4 million tonnes per year by 2005 and to 7.2 million tonnes per year by 2010 (Jaakko
Poyry, 1998). These projections imply that the volume of roundwood that the industry is capable
of processing on an annual basis would rise from its current level of 24.0 million m3 to 31.4
million m3 in 2005 and to 35.3 million m3 in 2010. Assuming that the industry were to operate
with a capacity utilization rate of 90-percent or higher through this period, the consumption of
pulpwood by Indonesian producers has been projected to reach 28.9 million m3 in 2005 and 33.6
million m3 at decade’s end (Jaakko Poyry, 1998).
Table 4.1: Annual Pulp Production and Roundwood Consumption of Indonesia’s Pulp Industry,
1987-2000, with Projections for 2005 and 2010.
Year Pulp
Production Capacity
(‘000 tpa)
Roundwood
Processing Capacity
(‘000 m3 sob/yr)
Pulp
Production
(‘000 tpa)
Roundwood
Consumption
(‘000 m3 sob)
1987 515 2,524 325 1,593
1988 606 2,969 368 1,805
1989 706 3,459 461 2,261
1990 1,000 4,900 697 3,415
1991 1,100 5,390 850 4,165
1992 1,100 5,390 870 4,263
1993 1,335 6,540 900 4,410
1994 2,055 10,068 1,314 6,439
1995 2,629 12,880 2,022 9,908
1996 2,741 13,431 2,561 12,549
1997 3,900 19,110 3,048 14,984
1998 4,300 21,070 3,430 16,807
1999 4,600 22,540 3,400 16,660
2000 4,900 24,010 4,140 20,286
2005 6,400 31,360 5,790 28,945
2010 7,200 35,280 6,715 33,605
Sources: Indonesian Pulp & Paper Association for 1987-2000 figures; Jaakko Poyry (1998) for 2005 and 2010
projections.
3 These figures are based on the assumption that 4.9 m3 of roundwood (green wood over bark) are needed, on average, to
produce each air dried metric tonne (Adt) of pulp. This figure is derived from Jaakko Poyry (1998), which calculates
conversion rates for mixed tropical hardwoods (MTH) of 4.84 m3 per Adt of pulp in the mill and 5.36 m3 per Adt pulp,
standing volume in the forest. Likewise, Jaakko Poyry calculates a conversion rate for plantation-grown Acacia
mangium of 5.01 m3 per Adt pulp in the mill, and 5.38 m3 per Adt pulp, standing volume in the forest. The figure of 4.9
m3 per Adt has been derived by averaging the in-mill conversion rates of MTH and Acacia.

Table 4.2: Location, Affiliation, and Area of Priority Pulpwood Plantations, as of January 1999
Province Company Name Group Total Area
(ha)
Area
Planted
(ha)4
Aceh Tusam Hutan Lestari Bob Hasan 175,000 23,706
Aceh Nusa Indrapuri Takengon 166,500 29,946
North Sumatera Inti Indorayon Utama Raja Garuda Mas/APRIL 269,060 48,553
Jambi Wirakarya Sakti Sinar Mas/APP 269,580 60,923
Riau Arara Abadi Sinar Mas/APP 300,000 160,209
Riau Andalan Raja Garuda Mas/APRIL 280,500 83,759
South Sumatera Musi Hutan Persada Barito 300,000 200,155
South Kalimantan Menara Hutan Buana Mercu Buana 186,300 79,452
East Kalimantan ITCI Hutani Manunggal ITCI 191,800 87,294
Surya Hutani Jaya Astra 198,000 110,283
Tanjung Redeb Hutani Bob Hasan 180,900 68,569
Adindo Hutani Lestari Adindo 201,000 27,097
West Kalimantan Finnantara Intiga Enso/Gudang Garam 200,700 29,189
Total 13 Priority HTI-Pulp Projects 2,919,340 1,009,135
Total 10 Non-Priority HTI-Pulp Projects 1,405,186 35,236
Cumulative Total 4,324,526

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